General information on the Constitutional Service and its wide array of duties
The Constitutional Service is a Directorate in the Federal Ministry of Constitutional Affairs, Reforms, Deregulation and Justice. Its inner organisation reflects the duties of the Federal Ministries, the Federal State’s relation to the Länder, as well as the relations between Austria and the European Union.
The data protection council’s head office also lies within the Constitutional Service.
The Constitutional Service is in charge of drafting legislative acts in many important areas, especially in Federal constitutional law and administrative procedural law. Furthermore, the Constitutional Service is responsible for preparing the Federal Ministries Act (Bundesministeriengesetz) as well as legislative acts in data protection and procurement law.
By order of the Federal Minister of Constitutional Affairs, Reforms, Deregulation and Justice the Constitutional Service drafts legislative drafts in all of the aforementioned areas, which then are subject to a public review procedure. Subsequently, they are resolved as a government bill and communicated to the parliament. As far as these legal areas are concerned, the Constitutional Service also represents the Republic of Austria in bodies of European and international organisations.
Legal Expert for the Federal State
The Constitutional Service exercises extensive review activities, such as the verification whether all legislative and regulative drafts from all ministries are in compliance with constitutional law and fundamental rights.
Concurrently, the Constitutional Service evaluates legislative issues such as legal terminology, legal technique, and formal structure in order to maintain a uniform legislation. Legislative drafts and government bills of the Länder are examined in the same manner.
Furthermore, all public offices may request expert opinions from the Constitutional Service as far as constitutional questions and other issues within its competence are concerned.
Counsel of the Republic
The Constitutional Service represents the Federal Government in proceedings before the Austrian Constitutional Court. It also represents Austria in proceedings before the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and together with the Federal Ministry of Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs before the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.
Furthermore, the Constitutional Service is responsible for the coordination of the relationship between the Federal State and the Länder.